FIRE PREVENTION

1. Insurance against fire and explosions

According to the State’s regulations, to encourage the agencies, organizations and individuals to be involved in insurance against fire and explosions. The facilities with the risks of fire and explosions must protect them by compulsory insurance against fire and explosions for their assets. The Government’s regulations and list of the facilities with the risks of fire and explosions, conditions, minimal premium rates” (as stipulated in the Circular No. 220/2010/TT-BTC guiding compulsory insurance against fire and explosions issued by the Finance Ministry).

2. Design and approval of anti- fire and explosion design:

The below projects, designs must be appraised in terms of fire and explosion prevention and fighting:

(i) When making the planning, construction projects or urban renovation and residential areas, special economic zones, industrial parks, export processing zones, high-tech zones, it is required to have solutions, design for fire prevention and fighting to ensure the followings:

Construction sites, arranged areas, the lots;

The transport system, water supply;

Arranging appropriate locations for the fire prevention and fighting units, where necessary;

Cost estimates of fire prevention and fighting items.

(ii) When making the planning, design of construction, renovation or change in the uses of the works, it is required to have solutions, design for fire prevention and fighting to ensure the followings:

Construction sites, safe distance;

The system of emergency exits;

Technical system safety for fire prevention and fighting;

Other requirements for fire prevention and fighting;

Cost estimates of fire prevention and fighting items.

The list of projects and works requiring the design, appraised design, the deadline for design appraisal of the fire prevention and fighting work is stipulated in the Decree No. 79/2014/NĐ-CP providing detailed implementation of some articles of the Law on Fire Prevention and Fighting and the laws on amending and supplementing some articles of the Law on Fire Prevention and Fighting.

3. Obligations of the agencies, organizations, individuals in investment in construction and use of the work

The investors shall implement the procedures for approving the projects, the designs of fire prevention and fighting items; construction is done only when the design of fire prevention and fighting work is approved; testing organization, construction supervision, commissioning and handing over the project before putting it into use

During construction, if any design changes, it is required to explain or supplement and be revised.

During construction, investors, builders must ensure the safety of fire prevention and fighting within the scope of their responsibilities.

In the process of using the work, agencies, organizations and individuals have to regularly inspect and maintain the conditions for fire prevention and fighting.

4. Requirements on fire prevention and fighting as making the project and design of the construction works:

(i) As making the project and design of construction, renovation or change of uses of the works in the objects to be appraised in term of fire prevention and fighting design, it is required to secure the followings:

The construction site must secure a safe distance from the fire prevention and fighting against the surrounding buildings

The level of fire resistance must match the scale and nature of the work; having the solutions to ensure fire prevention and anti-fire spread between buildings items and between this work with others

Production technology, electrical systems, lightning protection, anti-statics, anti-explosion of the buildings and the layout of technical systems, equipment and supplies to ensure the safety requirements for fire prevention and fighting;

Emergent exits (doors, aisles, corridors, stairways), lighting equipment, ventilation, smoke suction, exit instructions, alarm; rescue facilities have to ensure quick escapes and safety

Traffic system, parking plots for motorized fire-fighting means must ensure the size and weight; water supply system for fire fighting work has to ensure the requirements of service of fire fighting.

The system of fire alarm fire fighting and other fire fighting facilities must ensure number; installation location and technical parameters in line with the characteristics and nature of the activities under the provisions of standards, technical regulations on fire prevention and fighting.

(ii) In the project and design, it is required to have the cost estimates for fire prevention and fire fighting items

5. Fire fighting and prevention for industrial parks, export processing zones, high-tech zones:

Industrial parks, export processing zones, high-tech zones must have a plan for fire prevention and fighting for the whole area; construction and maintenance of the technical infrastructure system on fire prevention and fighting; organization of suitable forces and means of fire prevention and fighting to the plans on fire prevention and fighting. The enterprises in industrial parks, export processing zones, high-tech zones must have their own plan for fire prevention and fighting; establishment of a fire prevention and fire fighting team at grassroot level.

 

LIST OF THE INSTITUTIONS WITH THE RISKS OF FIRE OR EXPLOSION (issued together with the Decree No. 79/2014/NĐ-CP dated July 31st, 2014 of the Government)

Academies, universities, colleges, vocational schools, secondary schools and education centers with volume of 5,000 m3 or more; kindergarten, kindergarten with 100 children or more;

Provincial hospitals, ministries; agencies, nursing homes and other medical facilities for medical examination and other medical treatment clinics with scale of 21 beds or more;

Convention center, theaters, cultural houses, theaters, circuses with capacity of 300 seats; designed indoor sports stadium of 200 seats; Stadium with capacity of 5,000 seats; discotheques, facilities of entertainment services with a volume of 1,500 or more; Other public buildings with a volume of 1,000 m3 or more;

Museum, gallery, exhibition, district-level storage houses or higher; historical, cultural facilities, province-level exhibition center or higher or under the direct management jurisdiction of the Ministry, ministerial-level agencies, the Government’s agencies;

Permanent, semi-permanent markets under the direct management jurisdiction of the district-level People’s Committees or higher; the other permanent semi-permanent markets, trade centers, supermarkets, general stores with a total area of 300 mor more, or a volume of 1,000 m3 or more;

District- level radio, television, telecommunications bases or higher;

District- level centers of commands, management, operation, controls or higher in all areas;

Province- level airports, seaports and inland waterway ports, bus stations or higher; parking lot for 200 cars or more; garage with capacity of 05 seats or more; level I, level II and level III railway passenger stations; level I and level II railway cargo terminals;

Condominiums; mutil-functional houses, hotels, guest houses with 05 storeys or higher, or a volume of 5,000 m3 or more;

05 –storey or higher headquarter of the State’s administrative agencies; institutes, research centers, office of professional bodies, enterprises, social and political organizations and others, or with a volume of 5,000 m3 or more;

Tunnels of coal mining, mines of other combustible minerals; underground traffic works with the length of 100 m or more; the works in tunnels with production, storage and use of explosives and with a volume of 1,000 m3or more;

Nuclear facilities, production facilities for explosives, facilities of exploitating, processing, production, transportation, sales, use and preservation of petroleum, petroleum products, natural gas; production facilities and processing other flammable goods with a volume of 5,000 m3 or more;

Arsenals, explosives and support tools; Storage of petroleum products, gas; the ports importing and exporting explosives, petroleum, petroleum products, natural gas;

The commercial petrol stations with 01 petrol pump or more; the gas stores with a total amount of containing gas of 70 kg or more

The power plants; substations of 110 KV or more;

Shipyards, ship repair; plants of repair and maintenance of aircrafts;

Storage of flammable goods, materials or incombustible, goods materials in flammable packaging, containers with a volume of fire of 1,000 m3 or more; stockpiles of goods, flammable materials with area from 500 mor more;

Industrial production works with A, B, C, D, E class explosion hazards in the main technological production lines with volume of 1,000 m3or more;

Facilities, works with fired items or major departments shall seriously affect the entire facilities, works or those with total area or volume of items, parts representing 25% of the total area or more or the volume of the entire facilities which works or parts of items are regularly working with such dangerous substances and explosives in one of the following cases:

The flammable gases that can form explosive mixtures make up 5 % of the air volume in the room or more or with 70 kg of flammable gases or more;

Liquid with flammable temperature up to 61 °C with the volume to form explosive mixtures of the air volume in the room or more or the other liquids having burning temperature higher than 61 ° C with a volume of 1,000 liters or more;

Dust or combustible fiber with explosive limit is lower than or equal to or less than 65g / mwith the volume that can form explosive mixtures occupying 5% of the volume of air in the room or higher; solids, goods and materials which are flammable solids with average weight of 100 kg per square meter or more;

The substances that can burn, explode or generate flammable or explosive substances to react with one another with a total volume of 1,000 kg or more;

The substances that can burn, explode or generate flammable or explosive substances to react with water or oxygen in the air with a volume of 500 kg.

 

LIST OF PROJECTS AND WORKS’ ANTI-FIRE DESIGN APPRAISED BY THE FIRE POLICE (issued together with the Decree No. 79/2014/NĐ-CP  dated July 31st, 2014 of the Government)

The project on planning, new construction or urban rehabilitation and residential areas, industrial zones, export processing zones, high-tech zones; the project on construction or renovation of technical infrastructure works related to fire prevention and fighting in urban and residential areas, industrial zones, export processing zones, high-tech zones under the jurisdiction of approval in the district level or higher;

Academies, universities, colleges, vocational schools, secondary schools and education centers with volume of 5,000 m3 or more; kindergarten, kindergarten with 100 children or more;

Provincial hospitals, ministries; agencies, nursing homes and other medical facilities for medical examination and other medical treatment clinics with scale of 21 beds or more;

Convention center, theaters, cultural houses, theaters, circuses with capacity of 300 seats; designed indoor sports stadium of 200 seats; outdoor stadium with capacity of 5,000 seats; discotheques, facilities of entertainment services with a volume of 1,500 or more; Other public buildings with a volume of 1,000 m3 or more;

Museum, gallery, exhibition, district-level storage houses or higher; historical, cultural facilities, province-level exhibition center or higher or under the direct management jurisdiction of the Ministry, ministerial-level agencies, the Government’s agencies;

District-level or higher permanent, semi-permanent markets; other markets, trade centers, supermarkets, general stores with a total area of 300 mor more, or a volume of 1,000 m3 or more

District- level radio, television, telecommunications bases or higher;

District- level centers of commands, management, operation, controls or higher in all areas

Grade IV or higher airports, seaports and inland waterway ports; Province- level or higher bus stations; railway stations with total floor area of 500 m2or higher;

Condominiums; mutil-functional houses, hotels, guest houses with 05 storeys or higher, or a volume of 5,000 m3 or more;

05 –storey or higher headquarter of the State’s administrative agencies; institutes, research centers, office of professional bodies, enterprises, social and political organizations and others, or with a volume of 5,000 m3 or more;

The works of 05 story or higher scientific research, high technology institutions or with a volume of 5,000 m3 or more

Metro projects; railway tunnel with a length of 2,000 meters or more; road tunnels having a length of 100 m or more; garage with capacity of 05 seats or more; works in tunnels with production, storage and use of explosives and a volume of 1,000 m3 or more

Arsenals, explosives and support tools; works importing, processing, storage and transportation of petroleum and petroleum products, gas, industrial explosives

Industrial production works with A, B, C, D, E class explosion hazards in the main technological production lines with volume of 1,000 m3or more;

The commercial petrol stations with 01 petrol pump or more; the gas stores with a total amount of containing gas of 70 kg or more;

The power plants (nuclear, thermal power, hydropower, wind power …); substations of 110 KV or more

Shipyards, ship repair; plants of repair and maintenance of aircrafts

Storage of flammable goods, materials or flammable packaging, containers with a volume of fire of 1,000 m3 or more;

Public security and defense works with danger of fire, explosions or requirements of special protection.

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